LOOKING FOR LOUIS KAHN THROUGH STRUCTURE, SURFACE AND LIGHT

Doğan Hazar

Louis Kahn was born on the Estonian island of Saaremma, in 1901. The significance of this place, where there is a castle that he often referred to in connection with his childhood, comes from his first encounter with medieval architecture. Accordingly, Louis Kahn once has said that he became an architect at the age of three. In 1905, he immigrated to the United States with his family and grew up in Philadelphia. He was educated at the University of Pennsylvania with a strict Beaux-Arts tradition that gives importance to drawing. Saying that an individual can only learn what is already in himself, Kahn also believed that the apprenticeship process is a continuous self-discovery. Therefore, after completing his Master’s degree, Kahn went on a tour of Europe that would affect his understanding of architecture and settled in Carcassonne, a city with medieval walls instead of the castles of classicism or modernism. Traveling to other European cities for inspiration, and self-discovery, Kahn embarked on his own Grand Tour. The events he encountered throughout his life shaped the ideas that boiled in him. Historically, Kahn has created a completely unique new architecture that goes beyond modern architecture and brings different understandings; he developed original ideas that determine volumetric relations and space. The aim of this inquiry is to reveal the experiences of Kahn in the European cities he visited, starting from the city where he was born, and looking for the traces of those experiences through the structure, surface and light in his buildings.

Structure
Surface
Light

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